DSpace Repository

Study on Investigation of Fabric Wastage in Cutting Section of a Knit Garments Industry

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author TOUHIDUR RAHMAN, P.M.
dc.contributor.author TARIQUL ISLAM, B.M.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-09-14T06:05:14Z
dc.date.available 2020-09-14T06:05:14Z
dc.date.issued 2019-04-12
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.daffodilvarsity.edu.bd:8080/handle/123456789/4276
dc.description Bangladesh, the southern Asian incorporates a population of roughly 164.7 million people. The economy of Bangladesh is considerably keen about agriculture. However it’s an excellent news for the country that, ready made garments (RMG) sector of Bangladesh has raised because the biggest wage earner of foreign currency. This sector creates concerning 4.00 million employment opportunities and contributes considerably to the value. Ready made garments (RMG) of Bangladesh is power-driven by young, urbanizing, workers, wherever most of them are women. In the early eighties, Bangladesh entered into the clothes business. The RMG sector has intimate with an exponential growth since 1980. In year 1984-85 the amount of clothes plant were 384 with 0.12 million employees that reached at a complete variety of clothes plant 4560 with 4.00 million employees in year 2017-18. Though, Bangladesh are manufactured many types of garments, but all of the readymade garments are classified into 2 categories, where one is woven items and another one is knitted items. Woven products includes Shirts, Pants and Trousers etc. On the other hand, knitted product includes T-Shirts, Polo Shirts, Undergarments, Socks, Stockings, Leggings, Rampers and Sweaters etc. Woven garments still tames the export incomes of the country. From BGMEA website it’s seen that, day by day knitted garments production is increasing in important rate and now about 46% export incomes has achieved from knitted products. In the last three decades this country has overcome the challenge of producing garments though it is not a major cotton producing country. Bangladesh RMG industries have radically changed the lives of millions of Bangladeshis. The sector has employed around 4.2 million people, 85% of them are women which helps to reduce poverty from this country as 22 million people are directly or indirectly involved with this industry. It provides job facilities for Bangladeshis mainly woman from low income families. In the financial year 2017-2018, Bangladesh has exported garments and worth around US$ 29.41 billion in 148 countries across the Globe which covers 82.71% of total export. In Bangladesh, there is 4560 garments factory whose net worth is 22 billion dollar, has achieved reputation in producing world class garment products and acquired the second position in the ranking of global RMG producing countries right after China. Several opportunities are knocking for this industry as China has declared to withdraw their investment from garments industry in near future. To meet up the target, garment 3 ©Daffodil International University manufacturing companies need to concentrate on mass production ensuring defect free high quality products within the limited resource they have. The world economy is changing in a rapid motion. RMG sector developed very fast in Bangladesh due to two major reasons; export-quota system and cheap labor. There haven’t been major changes within the method of cutting ancient tailored clothes the 16th century. The changes that have happened have been more related to the mass- customization of tailored garments. More than 126 years past, discoverer introduced the first electrical cloth-cutting machine that allowed the covering works to evolve from the manual donkeywork of cutting to a contemporary operation. In 1888, discoverer introduces 1st cloth cutting machine. The fabric is the core of apparel manufacturing. For this concern, many studies have been carried out with the target to reduce fabric wastage in the production process. Cutting floor is a place where a huge amount of fabric loss is generated. Fabric loss in cutting floor is mainly caused by 2 operations-marker making and fabric spreading. Although marker making shares a large production of material wastage, fabric loss due to spreading is of equally important for material utilization control. en_US
dc.description.abstract This report is titled “Study on Investigation of Fabric Wastage in Cutting Section of a Knit Garments Industry’’. This project is the most important of any RMG industry. We know that the Cutting Section plays the most important role to reduce the fabric wastage %, cost and make the proper Garments. The paper is the most useful process of achieving the practical experiences. It gives sufficient practical knowledge about Relaxation of fabric, Cut order planning, Re-cutting panels, Types of wastage, Part changing, General & Combination system, Inspections, Wastage from Marker, Short Marker & Hand Scissor etc. The approach was to know and work with all the parameters of cutting section and practice with technical experts. Observed sincerely in all the equipment’s, process, condition & Methods and worker efficiency in different style as if easily finding the level best of reduction the fabric wastage & increase the efficiency %. We worked in two floor (JAL & JFL) in style and system wise, one floor is General system & other is Combination system. Then compared it in mathematically & showed in Graph. In 574 kg fabrics, the general and combination system between of total wastage % 20.01 & 19.25, Marker wastage (kg) 97.34 & 97.34, Reject panel weight (kg) 11.4 & 8.74, Wastage of replacing (kg) 4.17 & 2.18, Unused fabric (kg) 1.15 & 4.52 for a style. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Daffodil International University en_US
dc.subject Textile Fabrics en_US
dc.subject Knitting en_US
dc.subject Clothing and Dress en_US
dc.subject Clothing Trade en_US
dc.subject Manufacturing Industries en_US
dc.title Study on Investigation of Fabric Wastage in Cutting Section of a Knit Garments Industry en_US
dc.type Other en_US

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search DSpace


My Account